On completion of Introduction unit, the student will be able to

1. Define and provide examples of the terms listed below.

Heterodont and Homodont

Monophyodont, Diphyodont and Polyphyodont

2. Describe the different classes and different numbers of teeth in each of the primary and secondary dentitions of man.

3. Describe and identify the bones of the skull that house the dentition.

4. Identify each of the anatomical regions of the mandible and maxilla.

5. Define and describe the "arches".

Maxillary arch

Mandibular arch

6. Understand the numbering of quadrants.

7. Define anterior and posterior teeth.

8. Define and use tooth surface terminology.














9. Define and describe the proper use of proximal tooth surface terminology.



10. Understand and explain the Human Dental Formula.

11. Describe and differentiate the Tooth Tissues.

12. Define crest of curvature (contour) and compare this to contact area.

13. Describe the locations and extent of the facial and lingual crests of curvature for the teeth in the secondary dentition.

14. Define and describe the terms line angle and point angle.

15. Define and describe clinical and anatomical crowns.

16. Describe the anatomical landmarks of the secondary maxillary central incisor in all views.

17. Describe the anatomical landmarks of the secondary mandibular first molar in all views.

18. Describe the appropriate order for the naming of teeth (longhand tooth nomenclature).

19. Define and provide examples of

Set traits


Arch traits


Class traits


Type traits



20. Define and describe each of the major shorthand tooth systems and their designations for each tooth in the primary and secondary dentitions.

International (or F.D.I. or Fédération Dentaire Internationale) shorthand system

Universal (American) shorthand system

Palmer/Zsigmondy shorthand system

21. Identify the four basic geometrical shapes of the crowns and summarize the views of teeth with these geometric shapes.

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